This article examines how Amsterdam has consistently improved cycling conditions over many decades and succeeded at raising even further the share of trips by bike. As a result, it has become one of Europe’s most sustainable cities, offering convenient, safe, and socially acceptable alternatives to car dependence. Unlike cities in North America, all segments of society cycle in the Netherlands: women as much as men, all age groups, and all income groups. The universality of cycling in the Netherlands highlights the extraordinary degree of social sustainability that bicycling makes possible.
Cycling to Sustainability in Amsterdam
Pucher, J. and Buehler, R. 2010, “Cycling to Sustainability in Amsterdam,” Sustain, no. 21, pp. 36-40.